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Criminal Law of Bangladesh Ignorance of Judges is calamitous for people

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Book Code : 978-984-33-

Price : 800


Chapter- 1

Introductory                                                                                               25

1.1      Criminal law defined                                                                        25

1.2     Value frame of criminal law                                                             26

1.3     Source of criminal law                                                                      27

1.4     Different Criminal Jurisprudence                                                    28

1.5     Law making source of criminal law                                                47

1.6     The purpose of criminal law                                                            49

1.7     Enforcement of criminal law                                                            50

1.8     Criminal law and peace                                                                    51

1.9     Difference between civil and criminal administration of               52

          justice and the role of People

1.10   Role of the Judge and police                                                            54

1.11   Dignity of Judges                                                                             56

1.12   Security of Judges                                                                            57

1.13   Dignity and role of Legal Practitioners                                           61

1.14   Role of media and the judiciary                                                      61

1.15   Ignorant Judges are calamitous for people                                     65

 

Chapter- 2

Constitution and Criminal Law of Bangladesh                                    67

2.1     History of Criminal Law of Bangladesh                                         67

2.2     Constitutional obligation for justice                                               68

2.3     Features of criminal law of Bangladesh                                          69

2.4     Lack of uniformity for justice                                                          73

2.5     Equality and equity for justice                                                         74

2.6     Geo and Eco-factors for justice                                                       75

2.7     Police system of Bangladesh                                                           75

2.8     Necessity of Police Act 1861                                                           85

2.9     Some defects of criminal law of Bangladesh                                  95

2.10   Section 7 of the Government and Local Authority Lands and     95

          Buildings (Recovery of possession) Ordinance 1970

2.11   Exercise of all Metropolitan Ordinances                                        95

2.12   Section 14 of the Medical Practice and private Clinics and          95

          Laboratories (Regulation) Ordinance 1982

2.13   Double fining under Motor Vehicles Ordinance, 1983                 96

2.14   Sections 497 and 375 of penal code                                             102

2.15   Some sections of Nari o Shishu Nirjatan Ain 2000                     103

          (amended in 2003)

2.16   Section 247 of CrPC                                                                      104

2.17   Some wrong terms: High Court, Police Super, Office of             105

          Police Super, Police Court, First Information Report (FIR)             

          and Acceptance of Charge Sheet

 

Chapter- 3

Necessity of Criminal Law                                                                     109

3.1          Offence defined                                                                              109

3.2          Necessity of punishment                                                                109

3.3          theory of punishment                                                                     113

3.4          Objectives of punishment                                                              118

3.5          Basis of punishment                                                                       119

3.6          Pre-trial punishment/imprisonment                                               119

3.7          Sentence and fine                                                                            121

3.8          Model order                                                                                     121

3.9          Fine only                                                                                         122

3.10     Model order                                                                                     124

3.11     Sentence in default of payment of fine                                         126

3.12     Recovery of fine                                                                             126

3.13     Model order                                                                                     126

3.14     Order of compensation                                                                   127

3.15     Recovery of compensation                                                            127

3.16     Change of sentence                                                                         127

3.17     Double jeopardy and expost facts legislation                              128

3.18     Sentence of whipping                                                                     129

3.19     Solitary Imprisonment                                                                    129

3.20     Forfeiture                                                                                         130

3.21     Probation and its procedure                                                           130

3.22     Model order                                                                                     131

 

Chapter- 4

Different Criminal Courts and Jurisdictions                                     135

4.1          Supreme Court of Bangladesh                                                       135

 

Sub-ordinate courts of Bangladesh

Sessions Court

4.2          Court of Sessions                                                                            136

4.3          Court of Additional Sessions Judge                                              137

4.4          Court of Joint Sessions Judge                                                       137

Judicial Magistrate Court

4.5          Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate                                                137

4.6            Court of Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate                             138

4.7          Court of Senior Judicial Magistrate                                              139

4.8          Court of Judicial Magistrate                                                          139

4.9          Courts of Magistrates of the third class                                        139

 

Metropolitan Magistrate Court

4.10     Court of Chief Metropolitan Magistrate                                       139

4.11     Court of Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate                    140

4.12     Court of Metropolitan Magistrate                                                  141

 

Other Criminal Courts

4.13     Tribunal under the international Crimes (Tribunals) Act 1973  141

4.14     Court of Divisional Special judge                                                 141

4.15     Special Tribunal                                                                              142

4.16     Nari-o- Shishu Nirjatan Daman Tribunal                                     142

4.17     Acid Aporad Damon Tribunal                                                       142

4.18     Administrative Tribunal                                                                 142

4.19     Administrative Appellate Tribunal                                               142

4.20     Labour Court                                                                                   142

4.21     Appellate Tribunal; under the Customs Act 1969                       142

4.22     Tribunal; under Bangladesh Bar Council Order 1972                 142

4.23     Juvenile Court                                                                                 142

4.24     Electricity court                                                                              142

4.25     Environmental Adalat                                                                    143

4.26     Druto Bichar Adalat                                                                       143

4.27     Artho Rin Adalat                                                                            143

4.28     Marine Court                                                                                   143

4.29     Court Martial under the Army Act 1952                                      143

4.30     Court Martial under the Navy Ordinance 1961                           143

4.31     Court Martial under the Air Force Act 1953                                143

4.32     The Special Court under the Bangladesh Rifles Order 1972      143

4.33     Court of Special Magistrate                                                           143

4.34     Court of Special Metropolitan Magistrate                                    143

4.35     Taxes Appellate Tribunal under the Income Tax                         144

Ordinance 1984

4.36     Gram Adalat                                                                                    144

4.37     Model order for sending the case to Gram Addalat                     144

4.38     Birod Mimangsa Board                                                                  144

4.39     Model order for sending the case to Birod rimangsa Board        144

4.40     Salishi Tribunal                                                                              144

4.41     Orpito Sompotti Prottorpon Tribunal and etc.                             145

Extra Judicial Court

4.42     Police Court                                                                                    145

 

Chapter- 5

General and Non General Register Case                                             147

(Procedure, difficulties and ways of Police Cases)                                     

5.01     General Register Case defined                                                       147

5.02     Necessity of enforcement of Regulation 244 of PR 1943           147

5.03     Violation of Regulation 244 of PR 1943                                      147

5.04     Proof of violation of Regulation 244 of PR 1943                        148

5.05     Punishment of violation of Regulation 244 of PR 1943             148

5.06     Role of Judicial Magistrate                                                            148

5.07     People and media awareness                                                         148

5.08     Different authorities awareness                                                     149

5.09     Court’s jurisdiction to give recommendation to different           149 authorities

5.10     What is First Information (FI)?                                                      149

5.11     What is First Information Report (FIR)?                                      149

5.12     Difference between FI and FIR                                                     150

5.13     Delayed FIR and its effect                                                             150

5.14     Instructions for FI                                                                           151

5.15     Confessional statement in FI                                                         152

5.16     Evidentiary value of FI                                                                  152

 

Non-General Register Case                                                                   153

(Procedure, difficulties and ways of NGR Cases)

5.17     Information and permission in non-cognisable case                   153

5.18     Necessity of referring the informant to the Magistrate                153

5.19     Examination of the informant                                                        153

5.20     Police report.                                                                                   153

5.21     Model orders under section 155 of CrPC                                     154

5.22     Reasonable duty of the Judicial Magistrate                                  158

 

Chapter- 6

Complaint Register Case                                                                       159

Procedure, difficulties and ways of Complaint Cases

6.1          Complaint defined                                                                          159

6.2          Complaint Register Case defined                                                  161

6.3          Meaning of ‘taking cognisance of’                                                161

6.4          Examination of Complainant                                                         165

6.5          Cognisance of offence upon complaint                                        166

6.6          Model order for cognisance upon complaint                                167

6.7          Cognisance upon police report                                                      168

6.8          Model order for cognisance upon a police report                        168

6.9          Suo-moto cognisance                                                                     171

6.10     Model for cognisance of suo-moto information.                          171

6.11     Necessity of sending a copy of complaint                                    174

6.12     Issue of Process                                                                              174

6.13     Model order for issue of process                                                   174

6.14     Inquiry of complaint                                                                       176

6.15     Model order for inquiry of complaint                                           176

6.16     Magisterial inquiry (Judicial inquiry)                                           177

6.17     Model Magisterial inquiry                                                             177

6.18     Model order for treating FI to police station                                191

6.19     Vague order, difficulties and ways out                                         191

6.20     Action under section 29 of the Police Act 1861                          191

6.21     Model order                                                                                     192

6.22     Bar of application on section 29 of Police Act 1861 in              197

Metropolitan Area

6.23     Procedure when Magistrate not competent to take cognisance   197

6.24     Model order                                                                                     197

6.25     Postponement for issue of process                                                198

6.26     Model order                                                                                     199

6.27     Dismissal of complaint                                                                   200

6.28     Two model orders in respect of dismissal or complaint              201

6.29     Complaint and cognisance against police officer                         203

6.30     Model order                                                                                     205

6.31     No narajee petition but application for further inquiry or           208

investigation and cognisance

6.32     Model order                                                                                     211

6.33     Cognisance of offences by court of sessions                                214

6.34     Prosecution for contempt of lawful authority of public servants            215

6.35     Prosecution for offences against the State                                    231

6.36     Prosecution for certain classes of criminal conspiracy                232

6.37     Preliminary inquiry in certain cases                                              235

6.38     Prosecution of Judges and public servants                                   235

6.39     Prosecution for breach of contact, defamation and offences       238

against marriage

6.40     Prosecution for adultery or enticing a married woman                240

6.41     Objection by lawful guardian to complaint by person other       241

than aggrieved person

6.42     Form of authorisation under second proviso                               241

to section 198 or 199

Chapter- 7                                                                                                     

Inquiry, Investigation and Power of Judicial Magistrate                243

7.1          Inquiry and Investigation defined                                                 243

7.2    Difference between Inquiry and Investigation                             244

7.3    Model problem and solution                                                         244

7.4          First Information in cognisable case                                             248

7.5          Information into cognisable case                                                   249

7.6          Model order                                                                                     251

7.7          The time limit of the investigation                                                253

7.8          Time limit under the general law                                                   253

7.9          Where police officer-in-charge sees no sufficient grounds         254

for investigation

7.10     Power to hold investigation of preliminary inquiry                     256

7.11     Police officer’s power to require attendance of witness              256

7.12     Examination of witnesses by police                                              257

7.13     Duty to examine and record statements without delay                257

7.14     Examination of witnesses by police                                              260

7.15     Whether statement of a person may be signed                             261

7.16     Whether the Court can see the case diary                                     263

7.17     No inducement to be offered                                                         264

7.18     Power to record statements and confession                                  264

7.19     What is statement                                                                           265

7.20     Is there any form for recording the statement of a person           265

7.21     Model record of complaint of an arrestee (General Register       265

Case No. 98 of 2011, PS Gobindagonj)

7.22     Model order in respect of the said complaint                               267

7.23     Model Order when investigating officer will not comply           272

with regulation 283 of police regulation 1943

7.24     Search by police officers                                                                274

7.25     The necessity of compliance with regulation No. 280                276

of Police Regulation-1943

7.26     When officer in charge of police station may require another    280

to issue search warrant

7.27     Procedure when investigation cannot be completed                    281

in twenty four hours

7.28     Report of investigation by subordinate police officer                 283

7.29     Release of accused when evidence deficient                                284

7.30     Case to be sent to Magistrate when evidence is sufficient          287

7.31     What is the duty of the officer in charge of the police station    288

for bailable offence

7.32     What is the duty of the Judicial Magistrate when the officer      289

in charge will not comply with this section

7.33     Model Order in this behalf                                                             290

7.34     What is the definition of the expression ‘accused’                      291

7.35     What are the preconditions for forwarding an arrestee to           294

the nearest Judicial Magistrate in a case

7.36     Model Order in this behalf                                                             297

7.37     Responsibility of police officer to ensure the appearance           299

of the witnesses

7.38     Model Order in this behalf                                                             301

7.39     Diary of proceedings in investigation                                           303

7.40     Model Order in this behalf                                                             304

7.41     Report of police officer                                                                  305

7.42     What is ‘every investigation’                                                         307

7.43     Why is no unnecessary delay for completion of investigation   308

7.44     What kind of power is vested on Judicial Magistrate                  308

7.45     Model Order in this behalf                                                             310

7.46     Duty of Judicial Magistrate after getting the police report          312

7.47     Whether the expression ‘charge sheet is accepted’ is correct     312

7.48     Inquiry and report on suicide etc and Intimation of                    312

Executive Magistrate

7.49     Whether all the sub-inspector of a police station are                   314

empowered to hold inquests in view of section 174 of the

code of criminal procedure

7.50     Whether intimation is necessary                                                   315

7.51     Whether the forwarding of inquest report to the                          318

District Magistrate solely is correct

7.52     Who is entitled under this section to handover the dead body   319

7.53     Whether the officer in charge of a police station can                   320

dispose of the dead body to his relatives

7.54     Model Order in this behalf                                                             321

7.55     Duty of Judicial Magistrate                                                            323

7.56     Power to summons persons                                                           323

7.57     Inquiry by Magistrate into cause of death                                    323

7.58     Duties of Investigating officer under Regulation No. 256          324

of Police Regulation 1943

7.59     Seizure of documents or things (alamot)                                      324

7.60     Disposal of seized documents or things before trial or                329

during trial

7.61     Production of seized documents or things before trial                329

or during trial

7.62     Failure of production of seized documents or things                  329

and punishment

7.63     Whether a person being directed can be punished for                 330

submission of any report under section 202 or any thing

7.64     Model order                                                                                     331

7.65     Visit of place of occurrence                                                           332

7.66     Preparing of map                                                                             332

7.67     Powers of arrest without warrant                                                   332

7.68     Discretion of police officers                                                          332

7.69      Dying declaration                                                                          333

7.70      Identification of suspects                                                              333

7.71      Further investigation                                                                     334

7.72      Model order                                                                                    337

7.73      Re-investigation                                                                             338

7.74      Whether an application for further investigation can be            338

allowable before a magistrate under section 173(3B) of

CrPC, in a case where trial is already started

7.75     Supplementary police report                                                          338

7.76      Revival of investigation                                                                339

7.77      Model order                                                                                    340

7.78      Complaint and police case for same offence and its procedure 340

7.79      Model order                                                                                    342

7.80      False case and its procedure                                                         343

7.81     Model judgment-1 for bringing false case                                    346

7.82      Model judgment-2 for bringing false General Register case      359

 

Chapter- 8

Inspection of Police Station                                                                   369

8.1          Necessity of inspection of police station                                      369

8.2          Whether Chief Judicial Metropolitan Magistrates can                372

inspect the police station properly

8.3          Scope of inspection (from Reg.243 to 410 PR-1943)                 376

8.4          Register and files under Regulation 373 PR-1943                      497

8.5          Registers of letters received and despatchedused                        498

8.6          The General Diary                                                                          498

8.7          Registers of absconded offenders and escaped convicts             498

8.8          Register of poperty stolen and of all property articles taken       499

          Charge of by the polioce

8.9           Khatian Inspection Register                                                          499

8.10     Fine Warrant Register                                                                    499

8.11     Minute Book                                                                                   499

8.12     First Information Report                                                                499

8.13     Section 54 of CrPC Register                                                          500

8.14     Non FIR Prosecution Register                                                       500

8.15     Unnatural Death Register                                                               500

8.16     Cash Account Register                                                                   500

8.17     Village Crime Note Book                                                              501

8.18     Crime Register Part I                                                                      501

8.19     Conviction Register Part II                                                            501

 

Chapter- 9

Judicial Service of Bangladesh                                                             503

9.1 Legal framework                                                                                 503

9.2 Recruitment procedure and recommendation                                  504

9.3 Transfer procedure and recommendation                                         507

9.4 Promotion procedure and recommendation                                     507

9.5 Training and recommendation                                                          508

9.6 Accountability                                                                                    509

 

Chapter- 10

Independence of Judiciary                                                                    511

10.1 Judicial Independence                                                                     511

10.2 Annual Confidential Report                                                            513

10.3 The tale of a connoisseur and his interview                                   550

10.4 Jurisdiction of Administrative Tribunal                                         562

10.5 The way of solution for judicial Independence                             562

 

Chapter- 11

Some questions and answers                                                                   565

 

Chapter- 12

Some useful model orders                                                                        569

 

Chapter- 13

Some model Misc. cases                                                                          643

 

Chapter- 14

Three important judgments regarding the Annual                                 707

Confidential Report